The phenomenon of arrest of an unstably-growing crack due to a curved weak interface is investigated. The weak interface can produce the deviation of the crack path, trapping the crack at the interface, leading to stable crack growth for certain interface geometries. This evidence could be exploited as a technical solution for a new type of crack arrester, with a negligible impact on the global stiffness, strength and weight of the structure. In order to exploit this concept, an experimental campaign based on photo-elasticity and digital image correlation (DIC) is carried out, showing the capability of curved weak interfaces to arrest cracks. The experiment is repeated for several geometrical configurations through the modification of the interface curvature radii. The phenomenon of crack deviation and subsequent arrest at the interface is also investigated by a computational model based on the finite element method. The computational predictions provide the rationale for the interpretation of the experimental observations, and distinguish between the different behaviours of concave and convex interfaces. Consequently, as is shown in the present study, the curved interface concept fosters new routes for the attainment of structures with enhanced fracture resistance capacities, which are of paramount importance for materials and components used in extreme conditions.

Crack arrest through branching at curved weak interfaces: An experimental and numerical study

Reinoso J.
;
Paggi M.
2020

Abstract

The phenomenon of arrest of an unstably-growing crack due to a curved weak interface is investigated. The weak interface can produce the deviation of the crack path, trapping the crack at the interface, leading to stable crack growth for certain interface geometries. This evidence could be exploited as a technical solution for a new type of crack arrester, with a negligible impact on the global stiffness, strength and weight of the structure. In order to exploit this concept, an experimental campaign based on photo-elasticity and digital image correlation (DIC) is carried out, showing the capability of curved weak interfaces to arrest cracks. The experiment is repeated for several geometrical configurations through the modification of the interface curvature radii. The phenomenon of crack deviation and subsequent arrest at the interface is also investigated by a computational model based on the finite element method. The computational predictions provide the rationale for the interpretation of the experimental observations, and distinguish between the different behaviours of concave and convex interfaces. Consequently, as is shown in the present study, the curved interface concept fosters new routes for the attainment of structures with enhanced fracture resistance capacities, which are of paramount importance for materials and components used in extreme conditions.
Crack arrest
Crack branching
Crack-interface interaction
Curved interface
Experimental mechanics
Fracture mechanics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11771/16923
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