bjectives Recent research indicates that Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is affected in Bipolar Disorders (BD) patients. To determine whether such alterations are a mere expression of the current mood state or rather contain longitudinal information on BD course, we examined the potential influence of states adjacent in time upon HRV features measured in a target mood state. Methods Longitudinal evaluation of HRV was obtained in eight BD patients by using a wearable monitoring system developed within the PSYCHE project. We extracted time-domain, frequency-domain and non-linear HRV-features and trained a Support Vector Machine (SVM) to classify HRV-features according to mood state. To evaluate the influence of adjacent mood states, we trained SVM with different HRV-feature sets: 1) belonging to each mood state considered alone; 2) belonging to each mood state and normalized using information from the preceding mood state; 3) belonging to each mood state and normalized using information from the preceding and subsequent mood states; 4) belonging to each mood state and normalized using information from two randomly chosen states. Results SVM classification accuracy within a target state was significantly greater when HRV-features from the previous and subsequent mood states were considered. Conclusions Although preliminary and in need of replications our results suggest for the first time that psychophysiological states in BD contain information related to the subsequent ones. Such characteristic may be used to improve clinical management and to develop algorithms to predict clinical course and mood switches in individual patients.
|Titolo:||Longitudinal monitoring of heartbeat dynamics predicts mood changes in bipolar patients: A pilot study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|