Abstract The homogenization of periodic hexachiral and tetrachiral honeycombs is dealt with two different techniques. The first is based on a micropolar homogenization. The second approach, developed to analyse two-dimensional periodic cells consisting of deformable portions such as the ring, the ligaments and possibly a filling material, is based on a second gradient homogenization developed by the authors. The obtained elastic moduli depend on the parameter of chirality, namely the angle of inclination of the ligaments with respect to the grid of lines connecting the centers of the rings. For hexachiral cells the auxetic property of the lattice together with the elastic coupling modulus between the normal and the asymmetric strains is obtained; a property that has been confirmed here for the tetrachiral lattice. Unlike the hexagonal lattice, the classical constitutive equations of the tetragonal lattice turns out to be characterized by the coupling between the normal and shear strains through an elastic modulus that is an odd function of the parameter of chirality. Moreover, this lattice is found to exhibit a remarkable variability of the Young’s modulus and of the Poisson’s ratio with the direction of the applied uniaxial stress. Finally, a simulation of experimental results is carried out.
|Titolo:||Homogenization of periodic hexa- and tetra-chiral cellular solids|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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